Using Protobuf With PyPy

In case you're not familiar with PyPy yet, it's a Python interpreter with JIT compiler.

PyPy has many advantages. It can run Python code faster then any existing interpreter, has a lower memory footprint then CPython, it allows you to choose the right level of language abstraction for your code depending on how fast you need it to be since it supports running Python, RPython and allows you to provide C and C++ extensions and It's 99% compatible with CPython.

One of the major differences and what makes PyPy adoption a non-trivial process is the why PyPy interfaces with CPython extensions. If you're interfacing with C code you need to ensure that you use the right bindings.

CPython extensions use Python's C API which PyPy does not have. PyPy can run some CPython extensions using cpyext but those extensions will run slower on PyPy due to the need to emulate reference counting. That also means that Cython generated extensions will be slower.

PyPy on the other hand has support for the not very commonly used ctypes and CFFI which can be run on both interpreters. CFFI runs much faster on PyPy than ctypes so if you're targeting PyPy it's better to use it. I was told that CFFI has been known to be a bit slower than C extensions on CPython because it does not access the C API directly but it wraps it. I could not find evidence for that claim although it makes sense.

If you're interfacing with C++ code, there has been a discussion to port boost::python to PyPy but I don't think it has been done yet.

PyPy provides cppyy which is written in CPython and thus able to JIT out most of the binding related code. cppyy has multiple backends it can use. In this post I'm going to cover Reflex since it's the default and it is currently the most stable backend.

In this post I'm going to demonstrate how to run Protobuf 2.5.1 on PyPy. Protobuf's compiler generates Python code which relies on a CPython extension in order to interface with the Protobuf implementation and is I mentioned before this is not going to be as fast as it should be for PyPy. Google provides a pure python implementation of Protobuf in version 3.0 which is not yet release and breaks compatibility in some aspects from Protobuf 2.x.

Read More